Table of Contents:
Contents Prefatory Note1 Introduction3 Biography of Khwaja Ghulam Farid4 The Teachings7 The Poems13 The Teachings of Khwaja Ghulam Farid Author’s Prologue25 Lesson 1: Great Sufi Texts25 Lesson 2: Stories of Maulavi Muhammad Hamid and Khwaja Khuda Bakhsh26 Lesson 3: Leading Deputies of Local Saints 28 Lesson 4: Private Instruction of Rukn ud Din-His Book Approved by The Khwaja28 Lesson 5: The Islam of The Sweepers-The Forgiveness of the Saints- Unislamic Custom-A Miracle of Baba Farid-Stories of Imam Muhammad Ghazali-On Snuff Taking 29 Lesson 6: Praying on Wool-Prayer Written for Disciples 35 Lesson 7: On Giving Thanks After Death-Unlucky Numbers Ridiculed 36 Lesson 8: The Sayyids and Other Groups-On Hinduism-Hafiz Jamal and Khwaja Muhammad Aqil 37 Lesson 9: The Conversion of Christians by Khwaja Farid’s Family-The Designation of Khwaja Muhammad Aqil-Khwaja Muhammad Sulaiman and Khwaja Naruwala-Stories of the Crazy Hafiz Jan Muhammad- Nawab Ghazi-Ud-Din Khan. 39 Lesson 10: Miracles of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Gilani-A Miracle of Shaikh Abul Abbas of Amul-Against The Kharijites 46 Lesson 11: On the Exaltation of One’s Own Pir51 Lesson 12: Approval Of Lessons 4-7-Fantastic Tales of Makhdum Jahaniyan Refuted52 Lesson 13: Against Leaving One’s Pir on a Wednesday-A Pir’s Anger54 Lesson 14: The Festival at Mithankot: The Prophet’s Footprint is Venerated55 Lesson 15: In Praise of Ice-Against Leaving on a Wednesday-The Disobedience of Haji Abdul Khair55 Lesson 16: The Festival at Mithankot-People Seek the Khwaja’s Blessing 57 Lesson 17: The Khwaja’s Devotions at Mithankot 58 Lesson 18: Death of Shaikh Maruf Karkhi-The Four Kinds of Pride- Against Condemning Minor Mispronunciations in the Prayer59 Lesson 19: Rukn ud-Din Reproved-The Khwaja Raises a Storm 60 Lesson 20: The Khwaja’s Devotions-A Ban on the Local Musicians- Against Shia Tendencies-Great Cooks 62 Lesson 21: The Khwaja’s Devotions-Khwaja Muhammad Aqil and the Courtesan64 Lesson 22: The Khwaja’s Ablutions-Belief in the Saints-A Musical Party64 Lesson 23: Lessons 9-14 Produced66 Lesson 24: On Unlucky Days-On Regard for One’s Mother-The Khwaja Swallows Verses of Healing 66 Conclusion67 The Poems of Khwaja Ghulam Farid Part I: Poems of Faith and Instruction73 Part II: Lyrics of Love and Distress117 Part III: Songs of the Desert and the Rains169 Concordance212 Glossary213 Khwaja Farid’s Family and Spiritual Lineage216 Map of Places Mentioned in the Text217 Index of Names218
Thanks largely to the matchless collection of mystical hymns in the local language of Siraiki, Khwaja Ghulam Farid (1845-1901), of Chacharan in the former princely state of Bahawalpur, continues to enjoy an enormous local reputation. In each area of Pakistan, there is one great figure of the literary past who has achieved the status of a patron saint and a symbol of local identity; and in the Siraiki-speaking area, this figure is unquestionably Ghulam Farid. Comprised of a collection of both his teachings and poems, the present translation brings the wider public direct access to one of the greatest figures in the literary and spiritual past of Pakistan.
The Teachings, recorded first-hand by the Khwaja’s devoted disciple Rukn ud-Din, capture the unblurred vividness of the Khwaja talking to his disciples in a way that leads the mind gradually and seamlessly into the world of classical Islam. Through these lessons, the Khwaja proves himself to be a scholar with wide intellectual interests as well as a spiritual dignitary of the firmest orthodoxy. A master of the poetic form of the kafi, the present work also exposes the reader to the Khwaja’s sensitivity to beauty and magical ability to handle language through poems which appeal to the emotions as much as they convey religious teaching and profound mystical awareness. The blend of traditional Sufi allegories with the Khwaja’s refreshing originality results in the kind of all-embracing poetic language which can perhaps emerge only once in the history of any given literature.