Seyyed Hossein Nasr is University Professor of Islamic Studies at The George Washington University. He is the author and editor of many books, including Islam: Religion, History, and Civilization.
Includes bibliographical references and index.; The study of Islamic philosophy in the West in recent times: an overview — The meaning and role of philosophy in Islam — Al-Hikmat al-Ilahiyyah and kalam — The question of existence and quiddity and ontology in Islamic philosophy– Post-Avicennan Islamic philosophy and the study of being — Epistemological questions: the relation of intellect, reason and intuition within diverse Islamic intellectual perspectives — A framework for the study of the history of Islamic philosophy — Dimensions of the Islamic intellectual tradition, kalam, philosophy and spirituality — The poet-scientist Umar Khayyam as philosopher — Philosophy in Azarbaijan and the School of Shiraz — The School of Isfahan revisited — Mulla Sadra and the full flowering of prophetic philosophy — From the School of Isfahan to the School of Tehran — Reflections on Islam and modern thought — Philosophy in the land of prophecy yesterday and today; Includes bibliographical references and index.
“One of the author’s great gifts is to set down the significance of what is fundamentally at issue in philosophical thinking and to show the relevance of that thinking to the human situation across the board….”
Table of Contents:
Introduction: Philosophy and Prophecy
PART 1. ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY AND ITS STUDY
1. The Study of Islamic Philosophy in the West in Recent Times: An Overview
2. The Meaning and Role of Philosophy in Islam
3. Al-Hikmat al-Ilahiyyah and Kalam
PART 2. PHILOSOPHICAL ISSUES
4. The Question of Existence and Quiddity and Ontology in Islamic Philosophy
5. Post-Avicennan Islamic Philosophy and the Study of Being
6. Epistemological Questions: Relations among Intellect, Reason, and Intuition within Diverse Islamic Intellectual Perspectives
PART 3. ISLAMIC PHILOSOPHY IN HISTORY
7. A Framework for the Study of the History of Islamic Philosophy
8. Dimensions of the Islamic Intellectual Tradition: Kalam, Philosophy, and Spirituality
9. The Poet-Scientist ‘Umar Khayyam as Philosopher
10. Philosophy in Azarbaijan and the School of Shiraz
11. The School of Isfahan Revisited
12. Mulla Sandra and the Full Flowering of Prophetic Philosophy
13. From the School of Isfahan to the School of Tehran
PART 4. THE CURRENT SITUATION
14. Reflections on Islam and Modern Thought
15. Philosophy in the Land of Prophecy Yesterday and Today
AIslamic Philosophy from Its Origin to the Present offers a comprehensive overview of Islamic philosophy from the ninth century to the present day. As Seyyed Hossein Nasr attests, within this tradition, philosophizing is done in a world in which prophecy is the central reality of life-a reality related not only to the realms of action and ethics but also to the realm of knowledge. Comparisons with Jewish and Christian philosophies highlight the relation between reason and revelation, that is, philosophy and religion.
Nasr presents Islamic philosophy in relation to the Islamic tradition as a whole, but always treats this philosophy as philosophy, not simply as intellectual history. In addition to chapters dealing with the general historical development of Islamic philosophy, several chapters are devoted to later and mostly unknown philosophers. The work also pays particular attention to the Persian tradition.
Nasr stresses that the Islamic tradition is a living tradition with significance for the contemporary Islamic world and its relationship with the West. In providing this seminal introduction to a tradition little-understood in the West, Nasr also shows readers that Islamic philosophy has much to offer the contemporary world as a whole.