Historian David Fromkin (1932-2017) was a professor at Boston University and the author of several acclaimed books of nonfiction, including T he King and the Cowboy: Theodore Roosevelt and Edward the Seventh, Secret Partners. He lived in New York City.
Featuring a new afterword by the author — Cover.;Includes bibliographical references (p. 615-628) and index.
“Wonderful…No book published in recent years has more lasting relevance to our understanding of the Middle East.” –Jack Miles, Los Angeles Book Review
“Extraordinarily ambitious, provocative and vividly written…Fromkin unfolds a gripping tale of diplomatic double-dealing, military incompetence and political upheaval.” — Reid Beddow, Washington Post Book World
“Ambitious and splendid…An epic tale of ruin and disillusion…of great men, their large deeds and even larger follies.” — Fouad Ajami, The Wall Street Journal
“[It] achieves an ideal of historical writing: its absorbing narrative not only recounts past events but offers a useful way to think about them….The book demands close attention and repays it. Much of the information here was not available until recent decades, and almost every page brings us news about a past that troubles the present.” — Naomi Bliven, The New Yorker
“One of the first books to take an effective panoramic view of what was happening, not only in Egypt, Palestine, Turkey, and the Arab regions of Asia but also in Afghanistan and central Asia….Readers will come away from A Peace to End All Peace not only enlightened but challenged–challenged in a way that is brought home by the irony of the title.” — The New York Times Book Review
Table of Contents:
List of Illustrations and Maps — Photo Credits — Acknowledgments — A Note on Spelling — Introduction — Part I. At the Crossroads of History — 1. The Last Days of Old Europe — 2. The Legacy of The Great Game in Asia — 3. The Middle East Before The War — 4. The Young Turks Urgently Seek an Ally — 5. Winston Churchill on The Eve of War — 6. Churchill Seizes Turkey’s Warships — 7. An Intrigue at the Sublime Porte — Part II. Kitchener of Khartoum Looks Ahead — 8. Kitchener Takes Command — 9. Kitchener’s Lieutenants — 10. Kitchener Sets out to Capture Islam — 11. India Protests — 12. The Man in The Middle — Part III. Britain Is Drawn into the Middle Eastern Quagmire — 13. The Turkish Commanders Almost Lose The War — 14. Kitchener Allows Britain to Attack Turkey — 15. On to Victory at the Dardanelles — 16. Russia’s Grab for Turkey — 17. Defining Britain’s Goals in the Middle East — 18. At the Narrows of Fortune — 19. The Warriors — 20. The Politicians — 21. The Light That Failed — 22. Creating the Arab Bureau — 23. Making Promises to the Arabs — 24. Making Promises to the European Allies — 25. Turkey’s Triumph at the Tigris — Part IV. Subversion — 26. Behind Enemy Lines — 27. Kitchener’s Last Mission — 28. Hussein’s Revolt — Part V. The Allies at the Nadir of Their Fortunes — 29. The Fall of the Allied Governments: Britain and France — 30. The Overthrow of the Czar — Part VI. New Worlds and Promised Lands — 31. The New World — 32. Lloyd George’s Zionism — 33. Toward The Balfour Declaration — 34. The Promised Land — Part VII. Invading the Middle East — 35. Jerusalem for Christmas — 36. The Road To Damascus — 37. The Battle for Syria — Part VIII. The Spoils of Victory — 38. The Parting of the Ways — 39. By The Shores of Troy — Part IX. The Tide Goes Out — 40. The Ticking Clock — 41. Betrayal — 42. The Unreal World of the Peace Conferences — Part X. Storm over Asia — 43. The Troubles Begin: 1919-1921 — 44. Egypt: The Winter of 1918-1919 — 45. Afghanistan: The Spring of 1919 — 46. Arabia: The Spring of 1919 — 47. Turkey: January 1920 — 48. Syria and Lebanon: The Spring and Summer of 1920 — 49. Eastern Palestine (Transjordan): 1920 — 50. Palestine-Arabs and Jews: 1920 — 51. Mesopotamia (IRAQ): 1920 — 52. Persia (Iran): 1920 — Part XI. Russia Returns to the Middle East — 53. Unmasking Britain’s Enemies — 54. The Soviet Challenge in the Middle East — 55. Moscow’s Goals — 56. A Death in Bukhara — Part XII. The Middle Eastern Settlement of 1922 — 57. Winston Churchill Takes Charge — 58. Churchill and the Question of Palestine — 59. The Alliances Come Apart — 60. A Greek Tragedy — 6. The Settlement of the Middle Eastern Question — Afterword to the 2009 Edition — Notes — Bibliography — Index.
Published with a new afterword from the author–the classic, bestselling account of how the modern Middle East was created
The Middle East has long been a region of rival religions, ideologies, nationalisms, and ambitions. All of these conflicts–including the hostilities between Arabs and Israelis, and the violent challenges posed by Iraq’s competing sects–are rooted in the region’s political inheritance: the arrangements, unities, and divisions imposed by the Allies after the First World War.
In A Peace to End All Peace, David Fromkin reveals how and why the Allies drew lines on an empty map that remade the geography and politics of the Middle East. Focusing on the formative years of 1914 to 1922, when all seemed possible, he delivers in this sweeping and magisterial book the definitive account of this defining time, showing how the choices narrowed and the Middle East began along a road that led to the conflicts and confusion that continue to this day.
A new afterword from Fromkin, written for this edition of the book, includes his invaluable, updated assessment of this region of the world today, and on what this history has to teach us.
Contributor Bio: Fromkin, David
David Fromkin (1932-2017) was a professor at Boston University and the author of several acclaimed books of nonfiction, including A Peace to End All Peace, T he King and the Cowboy: Theodore Roosevelt and Edward the Seventh, Secret Partners. He lived in New York City.